PAKS

PAKS, town in W. central Hungary. Jews first settled there in 1720, and in 1770 numbered 64. Initially they were mainly peddlers and small traders, who paid only a small protection tax to the estate owners. In 1844 a meeting of rabbis was held in Paks which tried unsuccessfully to effect a compromise between the Orthodox and the adherents of Reform. Finally there was a split, and although the community remained Orthodox, a separate status quo ante congregation was established. In 1788, on instructions from Emperor joseph II, a Jewish school with German as the language of instruction was founded, changed to Hungarian by the community in 1870. The school was closed down in 1919. The Jewish population numbered 1,129 in 1869, 1,011 in 1900, 891 in 1920, 782 in 1930, and 730 in 1941. Rabbis of the community included Solomon Beer (Solomon Lazar; appointed 1746), Jehiel Ze'ev (1780), Isaac Krishaber (1795), ezekiel banet (1825), and Paul (Feiwel) Horovitz (1844). After the German occupation (March 19, 1944), a ghetto for 1,000 Jews was set up. These were deported to auschwitz on July 4–6. There were 180 Jews living in Paks in 1946, dropping to 20 by 1961. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Magyar Zsidó Szemle (1898), 378ff; (1899), 142ff. (Baruch Yaron)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paks — Paks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paks — Héraldique Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paks — (Patsch), Marktflecken im Bezirk Duna Földvár des Comitats Tolna (ungarisches Verwaltungsgebiet Ödenburg), an der Donau; Postamt; 8400 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Paks — (spr. paksch), Großgemeinde im ungar. Komitat Tolna, an der Staatsbahnlinie Stuhlweißenburg P. und Donau Dampfschiffstation, mit neuer kath. Kirche, Weinbau, Stärke und Leimfabriken, Dampfziegelei, Haufenfang, Bezirksgericht und (1901) 12,034… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paks — (spr. paksch), Großgemeinde im ungar. Komitat Tolna, an der Donau, (1900) 12.034 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paks —   [pɔkʃ], Stadt im Bezirk Tolna, Ungarn, am rechten Ufer der Donau, 120 km südlich von Budapest, 19 700 Einwohner; Standort des ungarischen Kernkraftwerks (Inbetriebnahme der vier Reaktorblöcke1983 87; Nettoleistung insgesamt 1 700 MW); Kirche… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • pakš — pàkš interj. 1. pykšt, pokšt (iššovimui nusakyti): Pakš, pakš į anuodu iššavo M.Valanč. Senovėj po apmartavimo tujaus pakš, pakš šaudė, šiandie to nebdaro M.Valanč. 2. Švnč sudavimui, kaukštelėjimui nusakyti: Tuojau genys pakš, pakš, pakš snapu… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Paks — Infobox Settlement subdivision type = Country subdivision name = HUN timezone=CET utc offset=+1 timezone DST=CEST utc offset DST=+2 pushpin pushpin label position = pushpin map caption =Location of Paks pushpin mapsize = official name=Paks… …   Wikipedia

  • Paks — Original name in latin Paks Name in other language Dunakomlod, Dunakmld, Paks State code HU Continent/City Europe/Budapest longitude 46.62648 latitude 18.85962 altitude 106 Population 20638 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Paks — Sp Pãkšas Ap Paks L Vengrija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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